Parent Resource Centre

Pregnancy Information


What are the first signs of pregnancy?

For most women, the first sign of pregnancy is when their periods stop. Although the absence of menstruation can be caused by many things if, in addition, a woman's breasts feel swollen or tender and she feels nauseous - especially in the morning - it is likely that she is pregnant. For more info:

How can pregnancy be confirmed?

The normal way to test for pregnancy is through a urine pregnancy test.

This can be done at home using a pregnancy testing kit that can be bought over the counter from your local pharmacy. A GP or Family Planning Clinic can also do a pregnancy test. 

How soon can a pregnancy test be done?

A woman can take a pregnancy test just a few days after her missed period. More info on pregnancy testing:

Unsure how you feel about being pregnant?

With big feelings of changes it's good to talk your feelings through. Talk to your GP or see a Dr at Headspace (bulkbilled for under 25's) if you need to. 

How can you calculate when the baby will be born?

Conception takes place around the time of ovulation when the egg is released from the ovary. Ovulation takes place midway through the menstrual cycle, on about the 14th day if the first day of menstruation is taken as day one. The beginning of a pregnancy is calculated from the first day of the last period. A normal pregnancy will last 40 weeks in total and it is not too difficult to estimate the date on which a woman can expect to give birth. If, for example, the first day of her last period was April 1, add one week - April 8. Then add nine months to find the date of the birth. In this case it will be January 8 the following year. But for an accurate prediction, the period must have occurred regularly with approximately four weeks between the last two periods.

An ultrasound scan performed in the first half of pregnancy will give the most reliable and accurate estimate of when the baby is due by working out the size of the foetus. Every maternity hospital will provide this as a routine service to pregnant mothers. For more info:

Midwifery care

Whether or not you have tried using a pregnancy test kit at home, you can contact the Midwifery Group Practice directly on 8951 7067 or go to see your GP for a referral to the midwives Clinic at the Alice Springs Hospital or a private obstetrician.

Appointments can be made for you to have a dating scan if you wish.

How much iodine do pregnant and breastfeeding women need?

Consult your GP or midwife about dietry requirements for pregnancy.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends women who are pregnant or breastfeeding take a daily oral iodine supplement so that the total daily intake is 250g. Pregnant and breastfeeding women need to top up their dietary iodine intake because of the increased requirements during pregnancy and breastfeeding and the likelihood that they won’t get enough from their diet and mandatory fortification.

What foods contain iodine?

Most foods in Australia contain only small amounts of iodine, making it difficult for pregnant and breastfeeding women to get enough iodine through food alone. The amount of iodine varies greatly based on factors such as changes in season and processing practices. Fortified bread, dairy and seafood are the main dietary sources of iodine in Australia.

Nutrition information & websites

Food Standards Australia & New Zealand

Nutrition in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding\,_drugs_and_alcohol

Dietitians Association of Australia

NHMRC Iodine Supplementation